Not all great minds think alike. Making neurodiversity part of your recruitment strategy could help your business realise its potential in all kinds of ways. From Stephen Hawking to many of today’s high flyers in Silicon Valley, we are surrounded by the results of innovation and ingenuity from people dealing with a spectrum of cognitive challenges.
Thinking differently at work
Growing awareness of neurodiversity
Neurodiversity was a global hot topic in recruitment in 2017. Several companies made it known that they were actively seeking people with autism and Down's Syndrome, universities set up neurodiversity hubs to get students into work placements and even Harvard published a review on the business advantages of a neurodiverse workforce.
But the reality is that the majority of companies aren’t actively recruiting from this talent pool and finding work with a cognitive condition remains a serious challenge.
What we do is who we are
Jobs are part of our identity. Work affects our confidence, our resources, our social support networks, our entire lives. We live in a world that prioritises economic activity over family or friendships. Struggling to find work or to succeed at work can be isolating and this can be devastating to our general health and mental wellbeing.
A disabling condition is a double whammy on the pressure to succeed. There are approximately 11 million people in the UK living with a disability, 6% of children and around 16% of working age adults.
"Neurodiverse people often have strengths that compensate for the area where they are challenged but, understandably, can suffer from anxiety and self-esteem issues after years of disappointment and not getting the job".
The way we are treated in diagnosis and early support can affect how well we adapt and respond, yet the diagnosis process places all our attention on what is not working well, what we can’t do and what needs fixing. It’s easy to see how this can result in a reduced sense of self-worth and starts to limit ambition and confidence.
Tailoring recruitment strategies for the neurodiverse
At Genius Within, we approach each individual's cognitive issue head on, focusing on their strengths and building confidence and self-awareness. Psychometric testing can be a useful tool for recruitment and assessment, though it’s not always the best model where neurodiversity is concerned.
Psychometric testing usually sets a standard that people are assessed against, rather than honing in on the individual’s strengths and skills. Often the tests bear little relevance to the role being applied for.
For some neurodiverse people, multiple choice questions are difficult (especially those with dyslexia and dyspraxia) and these tests can mean talented people are excluded from a job or promotion.
The follow up after the test ought to be handled sensitively. Neurodiverse people often have strengths that compensate for the area where they are challenged but, understandably, can suffer from anxiety and self-esteem issues after years of disappointment and not getting the job.
Help is at hand - getting advice on reasonable adjustments
Evidence-based advice on what will help your employees access their talents and deal with difficulties is key. Access to Work is a DWP funded in-work support scheme that employees can call for a free assessment and set of recommendations if they have a disability or health condition affecting: mobility; manual dexterity; physical coordination; continence; ability to lift, carry or move everyday objects; speech, hearing or eyesight; memory or ability to concentrate, learn or understand; understanding or perception of physical danger.
"Once we’ve taken care of the practicalities, we can start focusing on the strengths and talents that are so often overshadowed".
Neurodiverse people often have difficulties with memory, concentration, learning or understanding at work and therefore they qualify for support.
Small changes make a big difference
Reasonable disability adjustments can be really simple and easy to implement. Examples include:
- A dual screen to reduce memory issues when flicking between windows
- A quiet area to retreat to for stretching tired muscles or relaxing an overwhelmed mind in accessible formats
- Flexi-time to manage peaks and troughs in fatigue; providing written materials in advance of training or meetings
- Text-to-speech software for visual impairments or dyslexia
- Coaching or training to develop personalised strategies for communication, memory or organisation, such as colour coded diaries or questioning techniques
Lots of employers feel they are ‘treading on eggshells’ with disability and though they want to do right, they don’t know how. Here’s my advice… a small spend for tools, equipment or specialist support is a fair exchange for loyalty, a motivated team and reduced turnover/absenteeism.
Employers can take up the mantle and proactively offer reasonable adjustments – they don’t have to wait for problems to arise. Create a dialogue in which employees can ask for what they need before they are at crisis point.
Reaping the rewards of a neurodiverse workforce
Once we’ve taken care of the practicalities, we can start focusing on the strengths and talents that are so often overshadowed.
In Employable Me2, we used the positive assessment technique to undo some of the damage caused by repeated messages of deficit or difficulty, only to discover that Andy, who is a stroke survivor, has a perfectly competent verbal understanding even though he finds speech difficult. We also found out that Kerie, who is visually impaired, has a memory in the top 1% of the population!
About the author
Perry Timms is the Founder & Chief Energy Officer of PTHR, with 30+ yrs experience in people, learning, technology, organisation change & transformation. His personal mission is to see more people flourish through their work, and help shift organizations as a force for societal good (not just profit machines). PTHR's mission is defined as "Better Business for a Better World". In October 2017, his first book, Transformational HR - was published by Kogan Page and the Energized Workplace published in August 2020. He was an extremely proud new entrant to the list of HR Most Influential Thinkers for 2017 and again in 2018 + 2019 (in the top 10 both years).